One of the most effective precaution methods to take care of your health and body is to keep track of your blood sugar levels. The amount of sugar or glucose in your blood is referred to as blood sugar levels or blood glucose. Millimoles per liter (mmol/l), is the standard unit of measurement of blood sugar. It’s critical to keep track of your blood sugar levels to avoid a variety of health problems and consequences, especially if you already have diabetes.
How Glucose produce in your blood
The glucose in your blood and body is derived from the foods you consume, particularly carbohydrate-rich foods. It is your body’s primary energy source, and it is digested by your cells with the help of the hormone insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas and released into the bloodstream when blood glucose levels rise.
After you eat, your blood glucose levels are usually at their highest. More insulin is released into your bloodstream at the same time as your blood sugar rises to keep your glucose level from becoming too high. Blood arteries can be damaged by high blood glucose levels, which can lead to eye, kidney, and nerve disorders.
Determine blood sugar levels by different tests
You can use a variety of tests to determine and monitor your blood sugar level. The fasting blood sugar test, or FBS, is one of the most common. This test determines your blood sugar level after fasting for at least eight hours. FBS is frequently the first test used to establish whether or not a patient has diabetes.
Next is a 2-hour postprandial blood sugar test, which checks blood sugar two hours after your last meal. It is another sort of blood test. Alternatively, the random blood test, or RBS, measures blood sugar levels at various times during the day, independent of when you last ate. The RBS test is also known as a simple blood glucose test.
At last, the oral glucose tolerance test is frequently used to diagnose prediabetes and diabetes. This test involves taking a series of blood sugar measurements after the patient consumes sugary drinks that are typically rich in glucose, and it’s safe for pregnant women to take.
Normal and diabetes blood sugar level
When blood glucose levels are discussed in the context of diabetes, the topic takes on a new meaning.
- Normal blood glucose levels in adults without diabetes range from 4 to 8 mmol/l, with slightly higher values up to 10 mmol/l after meals.
- Blood glucose levels of diabetics, frequently exceed this normal blood sugar range, especially if untreated.
Maintaining a diabetic’s blood sugar level at a normal level necessitates a great deal of control and frequent monitoring. Diabetics are also more likely than non-diabetics to require more regular blood glucose checks.
Testing schedule for types of diabetics
Insulin-dependent patients with type 1 diabetes should check their blood glucose levels every day before meals. Visit here healthiack.com. It’s also a good idea to test in the morning to figure out how much insulin they’ll require overnight.
Type 2 diabetics who take oral medications can check their blood glucose levels less regularly, usually once or twice a week before or after a meal.